Most Bike-Friendly Cities in the US & What you need to know (2023)

(Last updated on January 18th, 2023)

Cycling is good for cities. It increases property values, increases safety, improves the health and productivity of workers, and increases local shop sales. Cycling cities also reduce wear and tear on cars, roads, and the environment. So it’s clear that cycling is good for cities, but how good are cities for cyclists? Some cities are much more friendly to cyclists than others, so what are the most bike-friendly cities in the US?

In this article, we’re going to talk about the nine most bike-friendly cities in the United States. Then, we’ll take a look at what makes them so good for cyclists. We’ll also talk about ways to make a city more bike-friendly. But first, let’s take a look at what makes a city bike friendly.

Bikeshare makes a city more bike friendly
Bikeshare makes a city more bike friendly. Image Credit: Tyree303

What Makes a City Bike Friendly?

There are plenty of characteristics that work together to make a city bike friendly. Let’s talk about a few standout items that put these cities on our list of the most bike-friendly cities in the US.

  • Does the city have bike lanes and trails?
  • How much of the working population commutes by bike?
  • Climate
  • Cycling Amenities
  • Bike Routes
  • Safety

Bike Lanes and Bike Trails

A bike lane is a section of the road that has been designated for preferred or exclusive use by cyclists. This enables the cyclist to ride at their own speed without disrupting the speed or flow of traffic. Typically, bike lanes are made on the right-hand side of the traffic lane, either next to the curb or next to curb-side parking.

This creates a safer space for cyclists to ride confidently. In addition, some bike lanes have a buffer next to them to make them even safer.

Bike trails, on the other hand, are smaller paved or gravel trails that cyclists can ride on without having to worry about traffic. Typically bike trails are shared with pedestrians, but they are safer without having to worry about automobiles. In addition, they usually are slower-paced and are available to families of all ages to use.

Bike lanes and trails increase safety for commuters and recreational cyclists and decrease accidents and injuries.

Number of Bike Commuters

The more bike commuters, the more bike-friendly a city is. Where you see large numbers of bike commuters, you’ll find traffic patterns that are easier to navigate, motorists who are more used to riding with cyclists, and home-to-work routes that are easily accessible by bike.

Number of Recreational Cyclists and Bike Clubs

You might also consider the number of recreational cyclists and bike clubs. An area that isn’t cycling-friendly won’t have many people riding their bikes. Perhaps the climate is too harsh, or distances between important locations are just too far apart. But if you see large numbers of recreational cyclists, you can consider the area a pretty good place to ride.

Climate

Climate also contributes to how bike-friendly a city is. If the climate is too harsh or rainy, it isn’t conducive to people riding bikes frequently. On the other hand, a more temperate or moderate climate is much easier for cyclists who enjoy riding or commuting by bike.

Cycling Amenities

A bike-friendly city will have plenty of cycling amenities around. For example, the Schuylkill River Trail in Chester County, Pa, has strategically placed bike repair stands. So if you have a mechanical issue when you are out riding your bike, you can stop at one of these stands, which typically have bike-specific tools and tire pumps to get you rolling again.

You can also tell that a city is bike friendly if it has a high number of bike shops. This shows that there are enough local cyclists to support the shop.

You might also look for water stations and publicly available restrooms. Also, the presence of bike racks throughout the city is a good indication that the city loves cyclists! Also, look for places that welcome cyclists to stop in for water. For example, if your town has a Trek store, you can stop in for a water refill! And look for places where cyclists can drop in wearing their cycling gear to get fuel.

Bike routes are a good sign that your town is bikable
Bike routes are a good sign that your town is bikable. Image Credit: Linnaea Mallette

Bike Routes

In SouthEast Pennsylvania, you’ll find the roadsides dotted with Bike Route Signs. Pa boasts ten routes that cover the state, offering friendly places for cyclists to ride. Pa also offers plenty of rails to trails routes, which convert old train routes into cycling and walking routes. In addition, friendly bike cities will have posted routes for you to follow and enjoy.

Safety

Safety is a huge factor when it comes to whether or not a city is bike safe. You’ll notice, according to bikeleague.org, that the more bike commuters there are, the fewer bike fatalities from traffic happen. Perhaps this is because those cities are used to and expect cyclists to be present and are more aware.

Other aspects of safety include low incidences of bike theft.

Related: How Long Does It Take To Bike across the US

Now that we understand some of the things that make a city bike-friendly let’s take a look at what cities there are. Interestingly, smartasset.com says that the west coast is the safest place for cycling, considering that 5 of their top ten safe cities for cycling are San Francisco, Portland, Or, Seattle, Wa, Irvine, CA, and Oakland, Ca. On the other hand, Towerelectricbikes.com tells us that Crested Butte, CO, Standford, CA, and Provincetown, MA had 0 bike-related fatalities per 10,000 residents, making them some of the safest bike cities around. Here are the cities that make our list.

We’ll give each city a ranking of 1-100 based on the percentage of commutes, miles of bike lanes, safety, and amenities.

9 Bike-Friendly Cities in the United States

 Philadelphia, PaPortland, OrMinneapolis, MNFort Collins, CO  Seattle, Washington  Boulder, COSan Franciso, Ca  Austin, TXWashington, DC
Percentage of Commuters2.36.33.9 2.89.884.21.55
Miles of bike lanes440385128200400300464215150
Our Ranking959995999598979896
The Schuylkill River Trail
The Schuylkill River Trail. Image Credit: Jeffery M. Vinocur

1.   Philadelphia, Pa

Philly, the city of brotherly love, is the largest city in Pennsylvania and the 6th largest city in the US. It has 18 colleges and universities and is the landing for much of American history. Of the ten largest cities in the US, Philly has more bike commuters per capita than the others. 2.3% of its commuters travel by bike. According to Lemonade.com, a whopping 12,300 Philly residents ride their bikes to work at least three times per week.

The Bicycle Coalition of Greater Philadelphia is a large non-profit organization dedicated to making cycling affordable, safe, and accessible to the folks in Philly.

The Schuylkill River Trail is a 120-mile trail that runs from Philadelphia all the way to Hamburg, Pa, with plans to extend it even further.

Enjoy this tour of the Schuylkill River Trail in Philly.

Philly gets a score of 95/100. It gets high grades for its commitment and support of cyclists, but we think it could have more given the large population.

2.   Portland, OR

Portland is known for its miles and miles of bike lanes. In fact, it has almost 385 miles of bikeways. Thirty-one intersections in the city have bike-specific traffic signals, and there are 42 bike boxes that help make right turns more visible to passing motorists.

According to bluejaybikes.com,  there are over 6500 available bike racks. There are also plenty of trails to ride, as well. Portland boasts an average of 6.3% of the population commuting by bike. At times rainy, the climate in Portland is otherwise relatively mild, and you’ll find a maximum of 393 meters of elevation.

We give Portland a grade of 99/100 for its safety, trails, bike racks, and plenty of commuters.

3.   Minneapolis, MN

Minneapolis is one of the most bikeable cities in the United States. There are 95 miles of protected bike lanes and very low elevation. So it’s no wonder that 3.9% of the population commutes by bike! But you’ll also find that Minneapolis has more bicycle infrastructure than any other city in the US.

There are plenty of bike shops and bike-share opportunities throughout the city, making bikes both affordable and accessible. In spite of the harsh weather, trails such as the Midtown Greenway are used year-round by an average of over 4000 people per day.

Although the winters are brutal, the 128 miles of bike trails are well-maintained and plowed so that bike commuters can use them all year round. The city already has a well-established bike infrastructure, making it one of the best places to ride a bike in the United States. But they’re continuously working on improvements to make cycling in the city even better. Don’t miss the city’s bike registry, which helps recover stolen bikes. You can play your way around the city with the bikeways map.

We give Minneapolis a 95/100. Everything about Minneapolis is terrific for cycling – except it’s harsh climate.

Fort Collins is one of the safest places to bike
Fort Collins is one of the safest places to bike. Image credit: citycommunications

4.   Fort Collins, CO

In Fort Collins, most commuters live less than five miles from their workplaces, which makes commuting by bike pretty ideal. They have plenty of bike safety education, free bicycle safety checks, and many bike clubs and co-ops. Fort Collins even provides overpasses and underpasses created for cyclists to avoid bad traffic. The number of bike-related fatalities in this city is well below the national average, making them one of the safest places to ride a bike.

Fort Collins offers a network of routes, called the Bicycle Master Plan,  selected based on low traffic, easy to cross intersections, and low speeds. They also have a program of trained bicycle ambassadors to ride with you in case you need a buddy.

Check out this bicycle tour of Fort Collins.

Fort Collins gets an easy 99/100 for its commitment to safety, offering safe routes to ride, and its buddy program.

5.   Seattle, Washington

In 2018, Bicycling Magazine named Seattle the best bike city in America. Seattle features a network of bike trails, bike lanes, and bike-specific traffic signals. In addition, Seattle supports several initiatives to reduce bike-related fatalities to zero, teach beginner cyclists how to ride safely, and help kids learn how to fix and maintain their bikes.

In spite of the rainy weather, as much as 2.8% of Seattle’s population commutes by bike.

Seattle gets a 95/100. It gets high grades for its trails and traffic signals, but it loses a few points for all of the rain.

6.   Boulder, Co

Boulder, Co, is a college town with over 300 miles of designated bike lanes, as well as trails and dirt paths, according to Rei.com. Bike cruisers are easily available and inexpensive to rent, and the town features a 24-hour cycling vending machine in front of University Cycles with cycling accessories. You can bike the route featured in the movie American Flyers, or join one of the many cycling groups squeezing in a lunchtime workout.

Boulder gets a 98/ out of 100 because we love all of the bike lanes, trails, and paths and the availability of rental bikes.

Bike lanes help cyclists stay safe and feel comfortable on the road
Bike lanes help cyclists stay safe and feel comfortable on the road. Image credit: Slackyhacky

7.   San Francisco, Ca

San Francisco boasts a mild climate, over 800 bike racks, and protected bike lanes. It has one of the densest bike share networks in the nation, with well over 4500 bikes in the city, according to NBC Bay Area.

Even more impressive is the free adaptive bike rentals in the Golden Gate Park. In addition, the San Francisco Bicycling Coalition works hard to promote cycling in the city, offering workshops, bike parking, and events to help people commute by bike.

We give San Francisco a 97 / 100 for its bike share network which includes free adaptive bike rentals.

8.   Washington, DC

A whopping 5% of DC’s population commutes by bike. It has over 150 miles of bike lanes and trails in its 68 square miles. The Metro is bike-friendly, and bikes are welcome to ride the train with their riders. DC has been promoting biking to work since the very first Earth Day in 1970.

Washing DC is a leader in the bikeshare movement, with over 6100 bikes and 600 bikeshare stations through the metro area. DC has received accolades from the League of American Bicyclists and People for Bikes for their commitment to cycling infrastructure, bike safety, and encouraging people to bike to work. They are continuing to add more bike lanes and trails to keep the pedaling going.

Watch Let’s Go See It ride the trails in Washington DC.

DC offers plenty of local cycling clubs, annual cycling events, and programs to make bikeshare more affordable.

We laud DC a 98/100 for its commitment and history of promoting bicycle commuting.

9.   Austin, Texas

According to Do512, Austin, Texas, is an ideal city for cyclists.

 With numerous hills, elaborate trails, specialist shops, and cyclist-friendly laws, Austin is ideal for bike enthusiasts.   In addition, it features 77 bike-share stations with over 800 bikes to get you from place to place. Austin also features an online bike map to help you plan the safest and most fun trip to your destination.

And just for fun, don’t miss out on The Bike Zoo, which is an elaborate array of animal characters on wheels. 

Austin gets a 96/100, which is a great grade for its trails, shops, and bike share stations.

Bike lanes and bike signals contribute to a safer ride
Bike lanes and bike signals contribute to a safer ride. Image credit: Kenneth C. Zirkel

Final Thoughts on The Most Bike-Friendly Cities

You could argue that choosing the most bike-friendly cities is a bit subjective, and it probably is. But you can make any city safer by following traffic laws, wearing a helmet, and being aware of your surroundings. Give cyclists plenty of space when you’re behind the wheel and look out for each other.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the safest states for cycling?

According to bikeleague.org, Massachusetts and Oregon are the safest states for cycling.

What states are the least safe for cycling?

Florida, South Carolina, and Delaware have the most cycling fatalities per capita.

What state has the most paved bike trails?

Minnesota has over 4000 miles of paved bike trails, along with plenty of others that aren’t paved.

Where is bike theft most common?

According to thebestbikelock.com, bike theft happens the most in New York City, Los Angelos, and Portland.

What is the most bicycle-friendly city in the world?

The most bike-friendly city in the whole world is Utrecht, Netherlands. Over 50% of the population consider themselves to be cyclists.

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